American Art Production Company, S. M. Salke – A Mystery Solved

A Mystery Solved pc1A Mystery Solved pc2

Here at Laurel Cottage Genealogy, we already had a number of cards bearing the “Double A” publisher logo with the beautiful and distinctive spiral postcard back header, but none of ours also included the “Copyright 1909 By S. M. Salke” until we happened across the one posted above.

Below:  “Copyright 1909 By S. M. Salke”

S M Salke Copyright 1909

An example of the Double A logo with the postcard series number below.

Double A Salke Logo 

Below, the Pre-Nash, (see link for E. Nash below) spiral header (cleaned up a little in Photoshop). The design was likely fashioned around “S” for Salke:  You can see how the line continues into an S shape if you follow it under the “For Address Only” printing.

Spiral Design Header   

So, previously, in our research to find out who belonged to the mysterious Double A initials, we were a little stuck. It was already thought by some that the Double A stood for the publishing company, “Anglo-American” however there was no proof of that. And, historically speaking, the thing with postcard publishers (as we’ve come to learn) is that there were scads of them. They came and went. Some few lasted decades or even hit the century mark and are still in existence today, usually having morphed into some other name, eventually bought out by such-and-such corporation, or whatever, and some lasted only a very short time. So, without proof one would not want to assume:  “A A” is too open to possibilities. To add intrigue into the mix, the spiral design above would also appear under the publisher known as E. Nash. See Laurel Cottage’s post, E. Nash, Postcard Publisher. But now with the Salke name to research, we were able to find the entry in WWI Draft Registration cards, which shows the American Art Production Company, thus the Double A likely stood for American Art. (We wouldn’t want to say for sure, as it’s always possible they were just letters, and the AAPC name was then created out of the logo.) But here is Sanford Morris Salke’s WWI Draft Registration Card below:

Salke WWI Draft Reg 1Salke WWI Draft Reg 2

Per the above, Sanford Morris Salke stated he was self-employed and the owner of the American Art Production Company; address given on the WWI Draft Registration Card is 141 Wooster St., New York. He gave his present occupation under the title General Military Goods Supply. He was born June 15, 1884 in the United States. His wife’s name was Maud Tishman Salke; at the time they lived at the corner of Carpenter and Hiawatha Ave. Hollis, Queens, NY. He was 34 years old when he filled out his draft reg card, which was September 12th, 1918.

About 19 months prior to the date on this WWI draft reg, we find that the American Art Production Co. had become incorporated (around February 1916) according to a short mention in the weekly publication Geyer’s Stationer: The company manufactured felt pennants, novelties, pillow tops, draperies and souvenirs, and it’s chief officers were E. W. McInnes, J. E. and S. M. Salke, address 409 W. 129th St., New York, NY. Who was J.E.? J. E. Salke was Jesse Salke, Sanford’s younger brother, born about 1893. And the 1917 New York City directory lists Jesse Salke as Secretary, and Sanford as Treasurer/President.

Recently Incorporated

Jumping up to the 1920 Federal Census for the Bronx, NY (for more family info) we find Sanford and Maude and two children, Gilbert, age seven, and Marjorie, age two. Also living in the household is domestic servant, Agnes Meehan. Sanford is listed as the employer, for a knit goods manufacturer. Sanford and the kids are native to New York, while Maude is listed to be from Georgia.

Records galore…

In continuing on, if Sanford is your ancestor, you’ve hit the jackpot for source info, as there are an overwhelming amount of records:  city directories (1911 – 1959) Federal and State Census, marriage and birth index, and even the Civil Court, where he is named as the plaintiff in a case in 1933 against a Mr. George Bohman. The 1905 NY State Census shows Sanford with his parents, Louis (born Germany) and Henrietta, and siblings and others. In 1905, the father, Louis’ occupation is salesman, in 1910 Louis is just listed as “own income.” But in 1911 and 1913 (city directories) we see father, Louis, and son, Sanford in the “cards” business, with their business address at 413 Broadway, New York City. So, who started the business is unknown, or perhaps it was a joint effort.

Enter E. Nash in 1913….

E Nash with Spiral

Above, the same spiral S design but now with “Copyright E. Nash.” This appears on a card postmarked September 3, 1913. So prior to this date, but probably in 1913, Sanford Salke and his father, Louis, have gotten out of the postcard business, and gone into novelties, continuing in the souvenir genre with the aforementioned pillows, pennant flags (and curtains – souvenir draperies or just drapes?). The 1915 State Census for Louis shows his occupation under “novelties” and at some point in there Jesse had joined in. Louis is retired by 1920 or earlier (per the census). In 1920 Sanford was probably still with AAPC (woolen knits re souvenirs?) but by 1922, per the city directory, he’s gone into the insurance business. And then later on he earns a living in real estate. As for the American Art Production Company, the last address found for them, per a Google eBooks (snippet view) is in 1927, when the company was located at 90 Manhattan St., New York City.

Sources:  Registration State: New York; Registration County: Queens; Roll: 1818488; Draft Board: 185. Ancestry.com. U.S., World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918.

Year: 1920; Census Place: Queens Assembly District 4, Queens, New York; Roll: T625_1233; Page: 9A; Enumeration District: 279; Image: 685. (Ancestry.com).

Geyer’s Stationer, Vol. 61, No. 1528, February 17, 1916. p. 27. (Google eBook). Web accessed April 3, 2016.

Year: 1910; Census Place: Manhattan Ward 12, New York, New York; Roll: T624_1027; Page: 20A; Enumeration District: 0719; FHL microfilm: 1375040. (Ancestry.com).

R. L. Polk & Co.’s Trow’s New York City Directory, 1917. p. 1706. (Ancestry.com. U.S. City Directories, 1822-1995.)

New York State Archives; Albany, New York; State Population Census Schedules, 1905; Election District: A.D. 29 E.D. 01; City: Manhattan; County: New York; Page: 17

Louis Salke: Year: 1910; Census Place: Manhattan Ward 12, New York, New York; Roll: T624_1020; Page: 5B; Enumeration District: 0477; FHL microfilm: 1375033.

Trow’s New York City Directory, 1911. Vol. CXXIV. p. 1285. (Ancestry.com. U.S. City Directories, 1822-1995.)

R. L. Polk & Co.’s Trow’s New York City Directory, 1913. p. 1361. (Ancestry.com. U.S. City Directories, 1822-1995.)

Film Year Book – Page 576. Google eBook snippet view. Accessed April 3, 2016.

E. Nash, Postcard Publisher

As promised in the last post, here is a run-down of what’s up, (ha, well I guess that’s both a “what’s on this website so far” and a “whazzup?” 😉 )  for postcard publisher E. Nash, “about whom not much is known” and an unknown publisher who is identified by the “A” or double “A” in a circle logo. This unknown publisher used a very beautiful and distinctive postcard back header with a spiral design around the “C.” From looking at the postcards below, it appears that Nash may have bought the rights to the spiral header design from the double A in circle guy, approximately sometime between December 11, 1912 and September 3, 1913. As we come across more pertaining to these two publishers, we will update this post accordingly. (Click on the image to enlarge, then once again for a slightly more enlarged view.)

Update:  The identity of the “unknown publisher” above was found. See the April 3, 2016 post re Sanford Salke and the American Art Production Co.

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“Lemons And Pink Poppies.” Postmarked November 15, 1910. Pre – Nash we presume. Publisher unknown. Note the “A” or double “A” in the circle logo, at the bottom left on the back.

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“Basket Of Forget-Me-Nots.” Dated by the sender August 15, 1912. The logo on the front, bottom left, is attributed to E. Nash. Note the Old English style postcard header.

May The Golden Sunrise pc1May The Golden Sunrise pc2

“May The Golden Sunrise.” Postmarked December 11, 1912. Publisher E. Nash per the logo on the front left, and with the same Old English style header on the back.

May You Be As Happy pc1May You Be As Happy pc2

“May You Be As Happy.” Postmarked September 3, 1913. Publisher E. Nash. The front logo is still the same but note the major change in the back header that shows “Copyright E. Nash” on the outside of the spiral. It would appear from the change that sometime between December 11, 1912 and September 3, 1913, that Nash obtained the rights to the spiral design postcard header.

Sincere Wishes From Sophia Hubbard pc1Sincere Wishes From Sophia Hubbard pc2

“Sincere Wishes From Sophia Hubbard.” Dated by the sender October 7, 1913. Publisher unknown. Pre – Nash logo of “A” or “A”s in circle, bottom left of back. This date obviously is after the above postcard’s date. The sender must have purchased the card prior to the publisher change for the spiral design, and sent it afterwards.

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“Here’s A Handshake.” Postmarked October 22, 1913. Publisher E. Nash logo on the front left and Nash’s name and copyright outside the spiral design in the back header.

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“Art Nouveau Violets.” Postmarked March 20, 1915. Publisher E. Nash per the logo on front left, but the beautiful spiral design header has been replaced by the simple (but elegant) “POST CARD” header on the back. It looks like the new design gave the sender more writing room.

E Nash logo

Example of E. Nash logo, taken from “Art Nouveau Violets” showing the copyright and the “N” in triangle. (The L-11 was just the number or series from that particular card.)

A logo 1

A logo 2

Regarding the unknown publisher with the “A” or double “A” in the circle, check out the subtle differences between the first logo and a presumably later dated one. (The 57 1/1 in the second one being just the series or number of that card.) The first image is from the Lemons and Poppies postcard postmarked November 15, 1910; and the second is from the Sincere Wishes postcard dated by the sender, October 7, 1913.